Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) http://ojs.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh <p><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Jurnal kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA di terbitkan oleh Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan Unika Musi Charitas, terbit setahun dua kali bulan Februari dan Agustus , saat ini telah terakreditasi SINTA 5 dengan Nomor 36/E/KPT/2019. adapun Scope dan Fokus adalah Keperawatan, Kebidanan, Teknologi Laboratorium Medis, Farmasi, Gizi. </span></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> en-US jksp@ukmc.ac.id (Srimiyati) lilikpranata@ukmc.ac.id (Lilik Pranata) Sat, 20 Mar 2021 16:50:39 +0000 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Hubungan Pemberian Imunisasi Dasar Dengan Tumbuh Kembang Anak Usia 9-24 Bulan di Puskesmas Merdeka Palembang. http://ojs.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/99 <p>Imunization is an attempt to cause or boost a person's immune actively to a disease, so that if one day exposed to the disease. The purpose of this research is to analyze the relationship between the provision of primary immunization with child growth and development aged 9-24 months in Puskesmas Merdeka. The method in this research is analytical survey with cross sectional approach. Population in this research is mothers who have infants aged 9-24 months, with total sample of 35 respondents. The results showed that of 24 babies who received complete basic immunization and had good growth as many as 23 babies (82,1%). Based on the result of Chi-square statistic test on significance level ? = 0,05 got p value = 0.002 ? ? = 0,05, there is relation of Basic Immunization Giving with Growth of 9-24 months old child. The results showed that of 24 babies who received complete basic immunization and had good development as many as 17 babies (94.4%). Based on Chi-square statistical test at significance level ? = 0.05 in p value = 0.002 ? ? = 0, 05 hence there is a relation between giving immunization with the development of child age 9-24 month. The result of this research can give input for health worker in increasing the coverage of basic immunization so as to prevent the happening of disease that can growth and development of child.</p> Kurniawaty Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) http://ojs.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/99 Sat, 20 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Pengaruh Diabetes Self Management Education (DSME) Terhadap Self-Care Pasien Diabetes Melitus di Rumah Sakit Kota Palembang http://ojs.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/102 <p>Diabetes melitus (DM) is a chronic disease that requires self-care. The main problem of health care in Indonesia is the lack of optimalization on the culture of patient self-care. One program that aims to facilitate knowledge and skills for diabetes patients is self-care Diabetes Self Management Education (DSME), that based on independent nursing theory by Orem "Self- Care". This study aimed to determine the effect of knowledge post diabetes self management education (DSME) implementation to self-care on patient diabetes melitus. The study utilized quantitative post test quasi experiment design with simple random sampling technique. Total sample of intervention group which is consisted of 56 respondents who received the implementation of DSME and control group which is consisted of 44 respondents who received no implementation of DSME. The statistical analysis using Independent T test resulted significant difference in self-care patient diabetes mellitus (p=0.000&lt;0.05) between those two groups. It is expected that health care workers facilitate the self-care of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus through the use of DSME implementation which has been shown in improving the knowledge and self-care to prevent further complications.</p> Sri Indaryati Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) http://ojs.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/102 Wed, 28 Feb 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Perbedaan Siklus Menstruasi Antara Ibu Pengguna Alat Kontrasepsi IUD dan Kontrasepsi Suntik Di Puskesmas Kemalaraja http://ojs.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/97 <p>This study aimed to determine the differences between the menstrual cycle women using IUDs and Injectable contraceptives at the health center UPTD Kemalaraja. Methodsusing descriptive analytic survey. The population in the study were women using IUDs and Injectable contraceptives at the health center UPTD Kemalaraja December period this sampling 2017. Teknik using accidental sampling with a sample of 60 respondents. Instruments in this study are the use of questionnaires. In women contraceptive IUD users have a normal menstrual cycle is 28-35 days as many as 24 (80%) of the 30 respondents, in women using an injectable contraceptive has short menstrual cycles &lt;28 days, a total of 22 (73.33%) from 30 respondents.There is a difference between mothers who use contraceptive IUD and injecting them is the menstrual cycle, the color of menstrual blood, and long menstrual</p> Heriani Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) http://ojs.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/97 Sat, 20 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Activity Antifungi Of Oil Atsiri Sereh Wangi (Cymbopogon Nardus (L) Rendle). http://ojs.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/100 <p>Citronella fragrance is one of the many plants in Indonesia. Citronella fragrance is widely used by Indonesian people as a spice dish and has traditionally been used for various treatments. Citronella fragrance contains essential oils that have the potential to have anti- fungal effects and have traditionally been used for the treatment of skin diseases. Isolation of citronella essential oil with the method of vapor distillation. The tested fungi are opportunistic fungi that often infect human skin. In testing the antifungal activity of the citronella essential oil (Cymbopogonnardus (L.) Rendle) against the fungal causing skin infection. The research was done by using agar diffusion method and using the density disc as the diffusion medium against A research of antifungal?s activity of essential oil of citronella (Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle ) to fungus that cause disease in humans has been done. This research used agar diffusion method to the fungus test Tricophyton rubrum, Tricophyton mentagrophytes and Candida albicans. The concentration that used 1%, 0,5%, 0,25% and 0,1%. The results showed that in concentration 1% essential oil of citronella (Cymbopogon nardus ( L.)Rendle) has the highest activity with Candida albicans with an average of inhibition diameter was 19,4mm ± 0,15. In 0,1% concentration of essential oil of citronella (Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle) does not have antifungal?s activity to Tricophyton mentagrophytes that without inhibition diameter around the paper discs. Meanwhile, in concentration 0,1%, the essential oil of citronella (Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle) still have antifungal?s activity to Tricophyton rubrum and Candida albicans with an average of inhibition diameter 7,4 mm ± 0,35 dan 8,5 mm ± 0,15.</p> Nilda Lely, Hetty Sulastri, Sari Meisyayati Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) http://ojs.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/100 Wed, 28 Feb 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Hubungan Pendidikan Ibu dan Ekonomi Keluarga Pada Pertumbuhan Balita di Puskesmas Pemulutan http://ojs.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/95 <p>Child growth is the increase in the number, size of an organ and the development of the ability (skill) of complex and regular body functions. Many factors influence, one of which is family factor. Growth will be optimal if the various factors of the family is improved, both in terms of quantity and quality. The problem in this research is the unknown relationship of mother education level and family economic level on the growth of children under five (1-5 years) at Puskesmas Pemulutan of Ogan Ilir Regency covering dependent variable and independent variable. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between maternal education level and family economic level on the growth of children under five years (1-5 years) in Puskesmas Pemulutan Ogan Ilir District. This research is a descriptive analytic research with cross sectional approach to know the relationship of education level of mother and the economic level of the family on the growth of children under five (1-5 years) conducted on 50 samples by using the total population of mothers with children aged 1-5 years in Puskesmas Pemulutan Ogan Ilir. In this study, it was found that 50 mothers with children aged 1-5 years of education owned by the mother percentage were not much different from the well-educated mothers (53.0%), (70.0% ) family income is low, and the growth of children in Puskesmas Pemulutan is normal (62.0%). From the research results found that there is a relationship between the level of education of the mother and the economic level of the family with the growth of children. Therefore, it is recommended that health workers and posyandu cadres are more active in providing information, counseling, and early detection of child development</p> Arly Febrianti Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) http://ojs.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/95 Wed, 28 Feb 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Association between Husband Support with Exclusive Breastfeeding Mother To Child Age 7-12 Months http://ojs.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/103 <p>Exclusive breastfeeding is the best nutrition for infants during the first six months of life for healthy growth and development. However, the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding is very low in many developing countries including Indonesia. Breastfeeding is an important public health strategy for improving the health of children and mothers. The success or failure of breastfeeding is largely dependent on the availability of assistance and support. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between husband's support for exclusive breastfeeding mothers to Child age 7-12 months. The research quantitative, design applies cross sectional. The sample of this study is mothers who have child age 7-12 months. The sample size was 71 people, selected using accidental sampling. The collection data is questionnaire 3 types, instrument A for the respondent's characteristic, instrument B contain 20 support statements of husband and instrument C the statement of whether the mother gives exclusive breastfeeding. Data were analyzed by univariate and bivariate using chi square test and Fisher test. The result of this research very positive relationship between husband support and exclusive breast feeding (p = 0,017).</p> Srimiyati Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) http://ojs.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/103 Wed, 28 Feb 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Analisis Uji Kualitas Bakteriologis Air Minum Isi Ulang (AMIU) Menggunakan Metode MPN Pada Pengolahan Air Sistem Reverse Osmosis (RO) dan Sistem Ultra Violet (UV). http://ojs.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/98 <p>Air sangat penting karena dapat mempengaruhi sejumlah aktivitas vital yang dilakukan oleh manusia untuk bertahan hidup. Tingginya permintaan terhadap air minum isi ulang (AMIU) oleh banyak rumah tangga menyebabkan banyaknya kegiatan penjualan air minum isi ulang bermunculan dan harganya yang dirasakan dapat menjangkau kalangan ekonomi kelas menengah kebawah namun tidak semua depot air minum memberikan jaminan kualitas yang baik terhadap produk yang dihasilkannya, terutama dari ancaman kontaminasi mikrobiologi yang dapat menyebabkan terjadinya gangguan pada saluran pencernaan seperti diare. Dinas Kesehatan Kota Palembang menyebutkan bahwa kasus penyakit diare termasuk salah satu dari lima besar penyakit setelah ISPA. BPOM menyatakan bahwa tingginya kasus keracunan penyebab minuman, kemungkinan disebabkan oleh bakteri coliform.Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah observasional komparasi analitik dengan desain crossectional. Jumlah Populasi yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dan ekslusi ada 18 depot dan sampel yang digunakan 6 depot AMIU meliputi 3 depot menggunakan sistem reverse osmosis (RO) dan 3 depot sistem ultra violet (UV). Pemeriksaan bakteriologi menggunakan metode MPN pada pengolahan sistem sistem RO dan UV. Data dianalisis menggunakan Uji Wilcoxon Sign Rank Test dengan tingkat kepercayaan 95%. Uji Wilcoxon Sign Rank Test. RO dengan nilai (sig 2-tailed) : 0,002 &lt; 0,005 artinya pengolahan air yang menggunakan sistem RO sebelum dan sesudah ada beda. Pada pengolahan air dengan sistem UV didapatkan hasil nilai (sig 2-tailed) : 0,028<br>&gt; 0,005 artinya pengolahan air yang menggunakan sistem UV sebelum dan sesudah tidak ada beda. air minum yang diolah menggunakan sistem reverse osmosis (RO) memiliki kualitas lebih baik bila dibandingkan dengan sistem ultra violet (UV).<br>Saran : Diharapkan untuk lebih teliti membeli dan menggunakan air minum isi ulang terutama yang menggunakan sistem Ultra Violet (UV).</p> Victoria Ire Tominik, Margareta Haiti, Mustika Sari H. Hutabarat Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) http://ojs.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/98 Sat, 20 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Perbedaan Skala Kekuatan Otot Sebelum dan Sesudah Latihan Menggenggam Pada Penderita Cerebro Vascular Diseases (CVD). http://ojs.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/101 <p>Cerebro vascular diseases (CVD) also known as stroke is the event losing of brain function that is caused by the termination of blood supply to the brain. The deprivation of oxygen supply will result in depleting nutrition to the brain. The primary symptom will be the muscle weakness. The muscle weakness on hand can be treated with a grasp exercise for the post-stroke patient. This researched aims to understand the difference of muscle strength scale before and after grasp exercising for the post ischemic stroke patient. The research design applies quasi-experiment with pretest and posttest on two groups design. In this research, there are 67 respondents will be used as samples by applying purposive sampling technique. The research instrument is observation paper of the muscles strength scale. The bivariate analysis uses paired t-test with significance level ?(0.05). The result of this research indicates a significant difference in the muscle strength scale before and after the exercise on ischemic stroke patient with the score p&lt;0,0001. In conclusion, this research finds that the grasp exercise can effectively increase the muscle strength of the stroke patient and recommends the grasp exercise as a part of nurse independent intervention in providing nursing treatment.</p> Novita Elisabeth Daeli, Maria Lousiana Suwarno, Budiharto Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) http://ojs.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/101 Wed, 31 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Perbedaan Jumlah Eritrosit Antara Darah Yang Sebanding dan Tidak Sebanding Dengan K2EDTA http://ojs.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/96 <p>One aspect of preanalytical that may affect the results of erythrocyte examination is the ratio between the volume of blood with an anticoagulant. If the blood volume is insufficient to anticoagulant causes red cells to crenated, and if the blood volume is excess to anticoagulant can cause blood clot. This research is pre experiment with static group comparison design using total sampling technique. The Subject of this research amounted to 34 residents of RT 57 RW 13 Kelurahan Kebun Bunga Sukarami District of Palembang aged 40-50 years. Each subject of research conducted about 3 mL blood sample, then the blood is divided into 2 groups is group one (0.5 mL of blood in K2EDTA tube 2 mL) and group two (2 mL of blood in K2EDTA tube 2 mL). Blood samples were then examined using a Sysmex XS-800i. The results of the examination average number of erythrocytes in blood volume of 0.5 mL and 2 mL with K2EDTA have a difference of as much as 2%. Based on this research can Wilcoxon Sign Rank test results is p=0.011 (p<br>&lt;0.025) is showed a difference red blood count between blood volume of 0.5 mL and 2 mL in K2EDTA tube.</p> Hotman Sinaga, Victoria Ire Tominik, Meileni Hardiyanti Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) http://ojs.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/96 Sat, 20 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000